Mobile operating systems have revolutionized the way we communicate, work, and entertain ourselves. Two of the most dominant systems in this realm are iOS and Android. Let’s dive deep into an impartial comparison of these platforms based on various metrics.
History and Origins
- iOS: This operating system, provided by Apple Inc., was initially known as iPhone OS. Launched in 2007, it is tailored for Apple mobile devices such as the iPhone and iPod Touch. Built on Darwin’s (BSD) operating system, iOS is written in languages like C, C++, Objective-C, assembly language, and Swift.
- Android: Offered by Google LLC, Android operates on a modified version of the Linux kernel, along with other open-source software. Made especially for touchscreen devices such as smartphones and tablets, Android was introduced in 2008. The development involved languages such as C, Java, C++, among others.
Ownership and Development
- iOS: Owned and developed by Apple Inc., it debuted on July 29, 2007.
- Android: A product of collaboration between Google and the Open Handset Alliance, it’s owned by Google LLC and saw its initial release on September 23, 2008.
- Target Audience: While iOS focuses on smartphones, music players, and tablets, Android primarily aims at smartphones and tablets across various brands.
- Core Foundations: iOS operates on a hybrid kernel type, whereas Android is Linux-based.
- Languages and Development: iOS applications predominantly use Swift, while Android app development leans towards Java and Kotlin.
Software and Customization
- Open Source: iOS has a commercial-based source model, but with some open-source components. Android, on the other hand, is open-source.
- Browsers: iOS devices come pre-installed with Safari, whereas Android offers Google Chrome, although users can choose any browser of their liking.
- Voice Assistants: Siri serves as the voice assistant for iOS, while Android boasts Google Assistant.
- Customizability: Android stands out for its flexibility and customization options. In contrast, iOS provides limited customizability unless the device is jailbroken.
- File Transfer: Transferring files on Android is more straightforward compared to the more restrictive iOS system.
- Languages: iOS devices support 40 languages, while Android devices cater to a more global audience with support for over 100 languages.
- App Stores: iOS restricts third-party app stores on its devices. Android, conversely, permits them.
- Headphone Jack: Contemporary Android smartphones, similar to iPhones post the iPhone 7, have started to omit the headphone jack.